How to explain the basic idea of antitrust

Last week I gave a presentation on antitrust trainings in an expert session (yes, I like the topic, see also my previous blog). One participant pointed out that one should catch people with antitrust examples from their everyday life to explain the general idea behind antitrust laws and why antitrust matters (and is of course … Continue reading How to explain the basic idea of antitrust

The complexity of assessing potential competition

The question of whether two companies are potential competitors is key for the antitrust assessment of agreements and cooperations between those companies. While the assessment of potential competition is often not straightforward, the question has significant practical implications – not least with a view to the transformation in many industries and the corresponding number of … Continue reading The complexity of assessing potential competition

A history of challenging big tech – Part III: The Internet Explorer and a (technical) mistake

As our readers now, we have a series about the history of challenging big tech in which we have so far dealt with Microsoft’s interoperability and Media Player case and the Intel case. This post continues the series with another Microsoft case whose origins date back to a time when many other tech companies were … Continue reading A history of challenging big tech – Part III: The Internet Explorer and a (technical) mistake

The 2022 cash balance of the European Commission

In the past, the European Commission has often made significant contributions to the EU budget through its fines. This post examines whether that was also the case last year and takes a brief look at the decisions that had a significant impact on the European Commission's cash position.      Fines imposed in 2022   In … Continue reading The 2022 cash balance of the European Commission